Hubungan Kadar Hemoglobin Ibu Hamil Trimester III Dengan Berat Bayi Lahir di Kota Pariaman

Anggi Setiawan, Nur Indrawaty Lipoeto, Amirah Zatil Izzah

Abstract

Abstrak
Pendahuluan: Kadar hemoglobin merupakan indikator biokimia untuk mengetahui status gizi ibu hamil. World Health Organization (WHO) merekomendasikan kadar hemoglobin ibu hamil ideal adalah ≥ 11 gr/dl dan tidak dibawah 10,5 gr/dl pada trimester II kehamilan. Tinggi rendahnya kadar hemoglobin selama kehamilan mempunyai pengaruh terhadap berat bayi lahir karena dapat mengakibatkan gangguan pertumbuhan janin di dalam kandungan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan kadar hemoglobin ibu hamil trimester III dengan berat bayi lahir di kota Pariaman. Metode penelitian: design penelitian ini adalah penelitian analitik dengan pendekatan Cross Sectional Study. Penelitian dilakukan di kota Pariaman dengan menggunakan data ibu melahirkan bulan Januari-Juni 2011 dan pengambilan sampel dengan cara consecutive sampling serta data dianalisis dengan uji korelasi Pearson dimana p < 0,05. Hasil penelitian: ditemukan rata-rata kadar hemoglobin ibu hamil trimester III adalah 11,16 (SD 0,82) gr/dl dan ditemukan ibu hamil yang mengalami anemia sebesar 31,25%. Rata-rata berat bayi lahir pada penelitian adalah 3.103 (SD 405) gram dan ditemukan bayi yang mempunyai berat lahir rendah sebesar 3,1%. Kesimpulan: penelitian ini tidak ditemukan adanya hubungan kadar hemoglobin ibu hamil trimester III dengan berat bayi lahir di kota Pariaman (p > 0,05)
Kata kunci: Kadar hemoglobin, berat bayi lahir, ibu hamil
Abstract
Introduction : Hemoglobin level is biochemical indicator to determine the nutrition status of pregnant women. World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that ideal level of hemoglobin for pregnant women is ≥ 11 g/dl and not below 10,5 g/dl on the second trimester of pregnancy. Increasing and decreasing of hemoglobin levels during pregnancy influences birth weight because it can cause intrauterine growth disruption. This research is purposed to identify the relation between pregnant woment hemoglobin level on the third trimester of pregnancy and birth weight in Pariaman city. Methods : This research uses analytic research which is using cross sectional design. This research is held on Pariaman city and used pregnant woment data taken from January until June 2011. The results: Research found that an average of pregnant woment hemoglobin level on the third trimester pregnancy is 11,16 (SD 0,82) g/dl and the percentage of pregnant women with anemia (Hb < 11 gr/dl) is 31,25%. The average of birth weight is 3.103 (SD 405) grams and 3,1% of total infant have low birth weight. The results of bivariate analysis by using Pearson correlation test is not found the relation between pregnant woment hemoglobin level on the third trimester of pregnancy and birth weight p = 0,856 (p > 0,05).Conclusion: The future research had better has more number of samples and other factors which affect birth weight can be eliminated.
Keywords:Hemoglobin level, birth weight, pregnant woment

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