Hubungan Mobilisasi Dini dengan Proses Penyembuhan Luka pada Pasien Pasca Laparatomi di Bangsal Bedah Pria dan Wanita RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang

Wira Ditya, Asril Zahari, Afriwardi Afriwardi

Abstract



Abstrak

   Mobilisasi dini merupakan kebijakan untuk secepat mungkin membimbing penderita turun dari tempat tidur dan berjalan. Tatalaksana ini adalah salah satu faktor yang mempengaruhi penyembuhan luka pasca pembedahan serta dapat mengurangi risiko komplikasi. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menentukan hubungan antara mobilisasi dini dengan proses penyembuhan luka pada pasien pasca laparatomi di bangsal bedah pria dan wanita RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan cross sectional study dengan jumlah sampel 31 responden yang diambil secara consecutive sampling technique. Data dikumpulkan melalui kuesioner dan lembar observasi, kemudian dianalisis dengan uji chi-square dengan derajat kepercayaan 95%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara mobilisasi dini dan proses penyembuhan luka pasca laparatomi (p = 0,003). Pasien mobilisasi dini dengan penyembuhan luka yang baik sebanyak 14 responden (77,8%) dan buruk 4 responden (22,2%). Responden tanpa mobilisasi dini dengan penyembuhan luka yang baik berjumlah 3 responden (23,1%), sedangkan yang buruk 10 responden (76,9%). Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, dapat disimpulkan bahwa terdapat hubungan antara mobilisasi dini dengan proses penyembuhan luka pasien pasca laparatomi di bangsal bedah pria dan wanita RSUP Dr M. Djamil Padang.

Kata kunci: laparatomi, mobilisasi dini, proses penyembuhan luka

 

Abstract

Early mobilization is policy to guide the patients out of their bed to walk as soon as possible. Early mobilization is one of the factors that affect post surgical wound healing and may reduce the risk of complications. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between early mobilization and wound healing process for post laparatomy patients in men and women surgical ward of Dr. M. Djamil General Hospital Padang. The design of this study was a cross sectional to 31 respondents by consecutive sampling technique. Data were collected through questionnaire and observation, then analyzed by chi-square test with 95% confidence interval.The results show there was a significant relationship between early mobilization and wound healing process (p = 0.003). Patients of early mobilization with good wound healing were as many as 14 respondents (77,8%) and bad as many as 4 respondents (22,2%). Respondents without early mobilization who are in good wound healing were 3 respondents (23,1%) while bad ones are 10 respondents (76,9%). Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that there is a relationship between early mobilization and wound healing process for post laparatomy patients in men and women surgical ward of Dr. M. Djamil General Hospital Padang.

Keywords: laparatomy, early mobilization, wound healing process

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

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