Prevalensi Kanker Serviks Berdasarkan Paritas di RSUP. Dr. M. Djamil Padang Periode Januari 2011- Desember 2012

Septia Haryani, Defrin Defrin, Yenita Yenita

Abstract


Abstrak

Kanker serviks menempati urutan pertama penyebab kematian akibat kanker pada wanita usia reproduktif di negara berkembang. Jumlah paritas di Sumatera Barat masih cukup tinggi, paritas merupakan salah satu faktor risiko terjadinya kanker serviks yang berhubungan dengan hormon dan trauma saat persalinan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui prevalensi kanker serviks berdasarkan jumlah paritas di RSUP. DR. M. Djamil Padang. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif observasional. Data sekunder diambil dari rekam medik pasien kanker serviks di RSUP.Dr. M. Djamil Padang periode Januari 2011- Desember 2012. Penelitian ini dilakukan dari Oktober 2013 - Juni 2014. Pada penelitian ini didapatkan 63 kasus kanker serviks. Distribusi kanker serviks berdasarkan umur terbanyak pada kelompok umur >50 tahun sebanyak 27 kasus (42,9%), berdasarkan jenis pembayaran pasien kanker serviks banyak memakai jamkesmas sebanyak 21 kasus (38,1%), jenis histopatologi terbanyak ditemukan pada jenis karsinoma sel skuamosa sebanyak 46 kasus (73%) dan jumlah paritas yang terbanyak pada kelompok paritas 3-5 kali sebanyak 40 kasus (63,5%). Umur dan paritas tidak ada hubungannya dengan jenis kanker serviks.Paritas bukan merupakan faktor risiko terjadinya kanker serviks.

Kata kunci: kanker serviks, paritas, histopatologi

 

Abstract

The cervical cancer is the  first rank cause of cancer death in women of reproductive age in developing countries. The number of parity in West Sumatera is still high, parity is one of the risk factors for cervical cancer relating to hormone and birth trauma. The objective of this study was to identify the prevalence of cervical cancer based on parity in  Dr. M. Djamil Hospital Padang. This research was descriptive observational study. Secondary data was taken from medical record of cervical cancer patients in Dr. M.Djamil Hospital Padang from January 2011 until  December 2012. The study was held from October 2013 until June 2014.The research found 63 cases of cervival cancer. Distribution cervical cancer by the age of majority in the age group >50 years old were 27 cases (42,9%), based on kind of payment is mostly used jamkesmas were 21 cases (38,1%), based on histopathology of majority on squamous cell carcinoma is 46 cases (73%) and based on the highest number of parity is the parity group 3-5 were 40 cases (63,5%). People’s age and parity are not related to the type of cervical cancer. Parity is not a risk factor of having cervical cancer.

Keywords: cervical cancer, parity, histopathology


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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

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