Pengaruh Pemberian Berbagai Olahan Telur terhadap Kadar Kolesterol Total Darah Mencit

Putri Mira Magistri, Rismawati YaswiR, Yustini Alioes

Abstract


Abstrak

Masyarakat menggunakan berbagai cara pengolahan sebelum mengonsumsi telur yang dapat berpengaruh terhadap kadar zat gizi yang terkandung didalamnya, termasuk kadar kolesterol dalam telur yang juga akan mempengaruhi kadar kolesterol dalam darah. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menentukan pengaruh pemberian berbagai olahan telur terhadap kadar kolesterol total darah mencit. Penelitian menggunakan 24 ekor mencit (Mus musculus) jantan albino umur 3 – 4 bulan dengan berat badan sekitar 30 – 40 gram. Jenis kandang yang digunakan adalah kandang kotak (box) sebanyak 24 unit dengan ukuran 28x30x20 cm. Metode yang digunakan ialah eksperimen dengan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) terdiri dari 6 unit perlakuan, yaitu unit perlakuan K (Kontrol), unit perlakuan A (telur mentah), unit perlakuan B (telur goreng), unit perlakuan C (telur rebus), unit perlakuan D (telur setengah matang) dan unit perlakuan E (telur asin). Dosis perlakuan adalah 1,56ml/20gram berat badan/mencit dan masing-masing perlakuan diulang 4 kali. Parameter yang diukur adalah kadar kolesterol total darah mencit. Hasil analisis keragaman menunjukan bahwa pemberian berbagai olahan telur memberikan pengaruh berbeda sangat nyata (P<0.01) terhadap kadar kolesterol total darah mencit. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa rerata kadar kolesterol total darah mencit setelah diberikan berbagai olahan telur adalah telur mentah 106.96 mg/dl, telur goreng 143.53 mg/dl, telur rebus 194.50 mg/dl, telur setengah matang 180.91 mg/dl, dan telur asin 158.27 mg/dl.

Kata kunci: olahan telur, kadar kolesterol total darah, mencit

 

Abstract

People use various methods of processing before consumption eggs which can affect the levels of nutrients contained in, including cholesterol content which can also affect the levels of total cholesterol in blood. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of giving a variety of processed egg on total cholesterol levels of mice. The experiment used 24 male albino mice (Mus nusculus) age 3 – 4 months old with 30 – 40 grams of body weight. The den used was 24 units of box with size of 28x30x20 cm. The experiment used Completely Randomized Design (CRD) consist of 6 treatment units which was K (control), A (raw egg), B (fried egg), C (boiled egg), D (soft-boiled egg), and E (salted egg). The dosage was  1.56 ml/20 grams of body weight/mice and 4 replication for each treatment units. The parameter measured was total blood cholesterol level of mice.  Results of analysis of variance showed that giving of a variety of processed egg gave highly  significant  effect (P <0.01) on total blood cholesterol levels of mice. Based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that the average total blood cholesterol levels of mice after giving of various preparations of eggs is as follows: raw eggs 106.96 mg / dl, fried eggs 143.53 mg / dl, boiled eggs 194.50 mg / dl, soft-boiled eggs 180.91 mg / dl, and salted egg 158.27 mg / dl..

Keywords: processed egg, total blood cholesterol level,  mice

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