Perbedaan Hasil Pemeriksaan Sputum Basil Tahan Asam Antara PasienTuberkulosis Yang Perokok Dan Bukan Perokok Di Balai Pengobatan Penyakit Paru Lubuk Alung

Nurul Ziqra, Elizabeth Bahar, Edison Edison

Abstract


 Abstrak

Merokok dan Tuberkulosis (TB) merupakan dua masalah kesehatan di dunia walaupun TB lebih banyak ditemukan di negara berkembang. Kebiasaan merokok dan tuberkulosis memiliki hubungan yang erat. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mmenentukan perbedaan hasil pemeriksaan sputum basil tahan asam antara pasien yang perokok dan bukan perokok di Balai Pengobatan Penyakit Paru (BP4)  Lubuk Alung. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross sectional komparatif terhadap 44 penderita TB perokok dan 44 penderita TB non perokok yang dipilih secara consecutive sampling. Data dikumpulkan dari hasil pemeriksaan di Laboratorium dan wawancara. Hasilnya dianalisis dengan uji chi-square. Berdasarkan uji statistik didapatkan perbedaan yang bermakna antara penderita TB paru perokok dan non perokok berdasarkan hasil pemeriksaan BTA (p = 0,023). Kesimpulan studu ini ialah  pasien TB banyak ditemukan pada usia produktif dan pada jenis kelamin laki-laki. Pada perokok lebih banyak ditemukan BTA positif daripada bukan perokok.

Kata kunci: tuberkulosis paru, BTA, perokok

 

Abstract

Smoking and Tuberculosis (TB) are two major health problems in the world even though TB is more common in developing countries. Smoking habit and tuberculosis have a close relationship.The objective of this study was to determine the differences in the results of Sputum Basil Tahan Asam examination between smokers and nonsmokers tuberculosis patients in the Lubuk Alung Pulmonary Disease Treatment Center. The desain of this study was a comparative cross-sectional on 44 TB smoker patients and 44 TB non-smoker patients by consecutive sampling. Data were collected through checkup in the laboratory and the interviews with new patients. The results were analyzed with the chi-square test.The statistic result showed significant differences between patients with pulmonary tuberculosis smokers and non-smokers based on the results of BTA checks (p value: 0.023). The conclusions was TB patients are found in the productive age and the male gender. Acid fast bacilli positive in smoker is higher than non-smokers.

Keywords: pulmonary tuberculosis, acid fast bacilli, smoker

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