Hubungan Kadar Hemoglobin dengan Daya Tahan Kardiovaskuler pada Pegawai Wanita RS Semen Padang

Nurfazlina Nurfazlina, Afriwardi Afriwardi, Nur Afrainin Syah Afrainin Syah

Abstract


Abstrak

Wanita rentan memiliki kadar hemoglobin dibawah normal (anemia) karena mengalami pengurangan volume darah yang dikeluarkan secara alamiah, seperti saat menstruasi. Penurunan kadar hemoglobin dapat berdampak pada penurunan daya tahan kardiovaskuler hingga berdampak pada produktivitas. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui hubungan kadar hemoglobin terhadap daya tahan kardiovaskuler pada pegawai wanita RS Semen Padang. Jenis penelitian adalah analitik observasional dengan desain cross sectional study terhadap subjek sebanyak 85 orang. Data dikumpulkan dari hasil Medical Check Up (MCU) yang kemudian dianalisis melalui uji korelasi Spearman. Hasil  penelitian ini mendapatkan 16,5% pegawai wanita RS  Semen Padang  mengalami anemia. Sebanyak 3,5% pegawai wanita RS  Semen Padang  memiliki daya tahan kardiovaskuler sangat baik, 17,6% baik, 28,2% sedang, 8,2% kurang dan 42,4% kurang sekali. Hasil uji korelasi didapatkan nilai r = + 0,077 dan nilai P > 0,05. Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalah terdapat korelasi searah antara kadar hemoglobin terhadap daya tahan kardiovaskuler, namun kekuatan korelasi sangat lemah sehingga tidak terdapat hubungan bermakna antara kadar hemoglobin dengan daya tahan kardiovaskuler pada pegawai wanita RS Semen Padang.

Kata kunci: daya tahan kardiovaskuler, hemoglobin, wanita

 

Abstract

Women are more likely to have lower hemoglobin levels (anemia) due to menstruation. The decrease of hemoglobin levels will cause the decline of cardiovascular endurance. The objective of this study was to determine the correlation of hemoglobin levels and cardiovascular endurance in female employees of Semen Padang Hospital. This research was a observational analytic research using cross sectional design on 85 samples. Data was collected from Medical Check Up (MCU) record of female employees of Semen Padang Hospital and analyzed by Spearman correlation test. The results showed that 16,5% of samples were anemia. There were 3,5 % samples had high cardiovascular endurance, 17,6 % good, 28,2% avarage, 8,2% low dan 42,4% poor. The results of correlation test (r) is +0,007 and the the significance value (p) is >0,05. In conclution, the percentage of anemia in female employees of Semen Padang Hospital was low, but the majority of female employees of Semen Padang Hospital had low and poor cardiovascular endurance. The correlation between hemoglobin levels and cardiovascular endurance was positive. The strength of the correlation was very weak and there was no significant correlation between hemoglobin levels and cardiovascular endurance among female employees of Semen Padang Hospital.

Keywords: cardiovascular endurance, hemoglobin levels, women

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

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