Hubungan Tindakan Pemberantasan Sarang Nyamuk (PSN) dengan Keberadaan Jentik Vektor Chikungunya di Kampung Taratak Paneh Kota Padang

Mutia Dwi Putri, Adrial Adrial, Lili Irawati

Abstract


Abstrak

Kampung Taratak Paneh merupakan daerah yang paling banyak terjadi kasus Chikungunya pada tahun 2012 (45 kasus). Penyebaran Chikungunya dipengaruhi faktor lingkungan dan tindakan Pemberantasan Sarang Nyamuk (PSN). Tujuan penelitian ini adalah melihat hubungan PSN terhadap keberadaan larva vektor Chikungunya. Penelitian ini adalah analitik dengan desain cross sectional study. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Kampung Taratak Paneh dengan jumlah subjek sebanyak 87 orang. Subjek diambil dengan metode proporsional simple random sampling.  Data disajikan dalam bentuk tabel distribusi dan dianalisis dengan uji chi square. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa ada hubungan antara tindakan PSN dengan keberadaan jentik (p=0,000). Terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara menguras TPA untuk keperluan mandi (p=0,029) dan keperluan rumah tangga (p=0,038),  menutup TPA setiap kali digunakan (p=0,013),  mengubur barang bekas (p=0,034), menabur bubuk abate (p=0,001), dan membersihkan talang air (p=0,000)  terhadap keberadaan jentik vektor Chikungunya. Tidak terdapat hubungan antara tindakan memelihara ikan pemakan jentik (p=0,760), pencahayaan dan ventilasi yang cukup (p=0,053), menggantung pakaian di dalam kamar (p=0,068), memasang kawat kasa (p=0,274), membersihkan pot/vas bunga berisi air/tempat minum burung (p=0,915), menggunakan kelambu (p=0,619), menggunakan obat anti nyamuk (p=0,209) dan menutup lubang  pohon (p=0,123) terhadap keberadaan jentik vektor Chikungunya.

Kata kunci: PSN, jentik, vektor chikungunya

 

Abstract

Taratak Paneh is the most common area of Chikungunya cases in 2012 (45 cases).The spreading of Chikungunya is influenced by environmental factor and practice of breading place eradication. The objective of this study was to discover the relationship between breading place eradication practice and the presence of larvae Chikungunya vektor.This was an analytic research with cross-sectional study design. The research was held in Taratak Paneh on 87 samples.The samples were taken by proportional simple random sampling methods. Data were presented in distribution table and analyzed statistically with chi-square test. This study showed that there was relationship between breading place eradication practice and the presence of larvae Chikungunya vektor (p= 0,000). There is relationship between draining landfill (p=0.029), covering landfill (p=0,013),  burying the junk (p=0,034), sowing abate powder (p=0.001), cleaning the gutter (p=0,000) to the presence of larvae Chikungunya vektor. There is no relationship between maintain a larva-eating fish (p=0,760), lighting and ventilation (p=0.053) , hang clothes in the room (p=0.068) , install wire gauze (p=0.274), clean the pot/birdbath (p=0.915), use of mosquito nets (p=0.619) , use of anti-mosquito drugs (p=0.209) and cover the holes of trees (p=0.123) to the presence of larvae Chikungunya vector.

Keywords: breading place eradication practice, larvae, chikungunya vector



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