Hubungan Resistensi Insulin dengan Gambaran Klinis Sindrom Ovarium Polikistik

Meliza Wahyuni, Eva Decroli, Putri Sri Lasmini

Abstract

Abstrak
Sindrom Ovarium Polikistik (SOPK) merupakan kelainan endokrin dan metabolik pada wanita usia reproduksi. SOPK merupakan kumpulan gejala dari amenore, oligomenore, infertilitas, obesitas, hirsutisme, acne, alopesia, dan akantosis nigrikan. Resistensi insulin diyakini sebagai salah satu penyebab tersering dari SOPK melalui berbagai mekanisme. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan resistensi insulin
dengan gambaran klinis SOPK. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada pasien SOPK dengan menggunakan studi cross sectional dengan pendekatan retrospektif, yaitu mengumpulkan kejadian masa lalu dari tahun 2009 - 2011, jumlah sampel 105 orang. Analisis statistik yang digunakan adalah uji chi-square. Hasil penelitian didapatkan 33,3% penderita SOPK mengalami resistensi insulin. Berdasarkan gambaran klinis 35,23% amenore, 64,77% oligomenore, 72,04% infertilitas, 50,5% obesitas, 0,95% hirsutisme, acne 20%, alopesia dan akantosis nigrikan
0%. Dari 33,3% SOPK dengan resistensi insulin 40% amenore, 60% oligomenore, 71,9% infertilitas, 77,14% obesitas, dan 0% hirsutisme. Berdasarkan hasil uji statistik ditemukan hubungan bermakna antara resistensi insulin dengan obesitas (p<0,05) dan tidak ditemukan hubungan bermakna antara resistensi insulin dengan infertilitas, hirsutisme, dan acne (p>0,05).
Kata Kunci: SOPK, resistensi insulin, gambaran klinis

Abstract
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine and metabolic disorders that is common in reproductive-aged women. PCOS is a group of symptoms, such as amenorrhea, oligomenorrhea, infertility, obesity, hirsutism, acne, alopecia, and achanthosis nigricans. Insulin resistance is believed to be one of the most common causes of PCOS through a various mechanisms. The objective of this study was to find out the relationship between insulin resistance and clinical manifestation of PCOS. This research was done in patients with PCOS using cross sectional study with retrospective approach. Data was collected from 2009-2011, with the
sample of 105 patients. This research used statistical analysis, that was chi square test. This research found that  33.3% patients of PCOS have insulin resistance. Based on clinical manifestation found that 35.23% amenorrhea, 64.77% oligomenorrhea, 72.04% infertility, 50.5% obesity, 0.95% hirsutism, 20% acne, 0% alopecia and achanthosis nigricans. From 33.3% PCOS with insulin resistance, 40% amenorrhea, 60%  oligomenorrhea, 71.9% infertility, 77.14% obesity, and 0% hirsutism. The results showed that there is a significant relationship between insulin resistance and obesity (p<0.05) and no significant reslationship between insulin resistance and infertility, hirsutism, and acne (p>0.05).
Keyword: PCOS, insulin resistance, clinical manifestation
 

Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.