Hubungan Asupan Energi Sarapan terhadap Tingkat Konsentrasi pada Siswa-Siswi Kelas XII SMA Negeri 1 Padang Tahun Ajaran 2013/2014

Kurnia Maidarmi Handayani, Masrul Masrul, Adrial Adrial

Abstract

Abstrak
Indonesia menduduki peringkat terakhir dalam cognitive skills dan pencapaian pendidikan menurut penelitian yang dilakukan oleh Economist Intelligence Unit. Cognitive skills memerlukan fungsi otak yang adekuat yang dipertahankan oleh nutrisi berupa konsumsi pangan yang baik dan beragam, terutama sarapan. Penelitian di Amerika Serikat pada anak usia sekolah remaja (15-18 tahun) menunjukkan bahwa sebesar 30% remaja tidak biasa sarapan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara asupan energi sarapan dan tingkat konsentrasi pada siswa SMAN 1 Padang. Studi dilakukan di SMAN 1 Padang pada bulan November 2013 terhadap 116 siswa kelas XII. Desain penelitian bersifat analitik dengan desain cross sectional. Pengolahan data dilakukan dengan uji chi-square menggunakan sistem komputerisasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat perbedaan tingkat konsentrasi menggunakan digit symbol test antara siswa dengan asupan energi sarapan baik, kurang, dan sangat kurang (p=0,001) dan tidak terdapat perbedaan tingkat konsentrasi menggunakan digit span test antara siswa dengan asupan energi sarapan baik, kurang, dan sangat kurang (p=0,345). Terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara asupan energi sarapan dengan tingkat konsentrasi menggunakan digit symbol test (p<0,05).
Kata kunci: sarapan, asupan energi, konsentrasi, digit symbol test, digit span test

Abstract

Indonesia was ranked last in the cognitive skills and educational attainment according to research conducted by the Economist Intelligence Unit.Cognitive skills require brain function is maintained by adequate intake of nutrients such as good and varied food, especially breakfast. Research in the United States in children of school age youth (15-18 years) showed that 30% of teenagers are not usually did breakfast.This study aimed to determine the relationship between energy intake at breakfast and the level of concentration of students of SMAN 1 Padang. The study was conducted at SMAN 1 Padang in November 2013 to 116 students of class XII. The research was an analytical study with cross-sectional design.Data processing is performed by the chi-square test using a computerized system. The results showed there were differences in the level of concentration using the digit symbol test between students with a good breakfast energy intake,less,and much less (p = 0.001) and there was no difference in the level of concentration using the digit span test between students with a good breakfast energy intake, less, and very less (p = 0.345). There is a significant relationship between breakfast energy intake with the level of concentration using digit symbol test (p < 0.05).
Keywords: breakfast, energy intake, concentration, digit symbol test, digit span test

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