Hubungan Status Sosial Ekonomi dan Gaya Hidup dengan Kejadian Obesitas pada Siswa SD Negeri 08 Alang Lawas Padang

Cici Octari, Nur Indrawaty Liputo, Edison Edison

Abstract

Abstrak
Obesitas di Indonesia mulai menjadi masalah gizi masyarakat walaupun gizi kurang masih tinggi. Obesitas disebabkan oleh banyak faktor/multifaktorial yang dapat dibagi menjadi genetik dan lingkungan yang diantaranya adalah status sosial ekonomi dan gaya hidup. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross sectional study dengan populasi adalah seluruh siswa kelas I sampai V di SD N 08 Alang Lawas,Padang. Penelitian ini mendapatkan hasil 8,21% siswa mengalami obesitas, 11,79% overweight atau gemuk, 82,60% tingkat pendapatan orang tua siswa berada di atas garis kemiskinan, 71,30% ayah dan 71,80% ibu siswa memiliki tingkat pendidikan menengah, 58,50% siswa memiliki pola makan baik, dan 60% memiliki aktifitas fisik aktif. Tidak didapatkan hubungan yang bermakna antara kejadian obesitas dengan tingkat pendidikan orang tua (ayah: p=0,205 ; ibu: p=1,00), tingkat pendapatan orang tua (p=0,396), dan pola makan anak (p=0,245). Didapatkan hubungan yang bermakna antara aktifitas fisik anak dengan kejadian obesitas (p=0,048).
Kata kunci: obesitas, anak, sosial-ekonomi, gaya hidup

Abstract
In Indonesia, obesity has became a public nutrition problem although frequence of undernutrition was still high. The obesity caused by many factor/multifactorial that asssigned to genetic factor and environment factor. Two of the environment factors are social-economy and life style. Cross sectional study was chosen as a method to conduct the study. The study population were all the students on 1st grade to 5th grade in SD Negeri 08 Alang Lawas, Padang. The result shows that 8.21% of the students suffered from obesity, 11.79% were overweight, 82.60% of the students have the parents that have income more then the poverty line, 71.30% of the fathers and 71.80% of the mothers were middle graduations, 58.50% have good consumptions pattern, and 60% have active physical activity. There are no association between the obesity among the children with parent’s graduation (father: p=0.205; mother: p=1.00), parent’s income (p=0.396), consumptions pattern (p=0.245), and there is association with physical activity (p=0.048).
Keywords:obesity, children, social-economy, life style

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